Orthotics are shoe inserts that correct an abnormal or irregular walking pattern. The purpose of these inserts is to support the weakness in foot structure and function. Which allows the foot ,ankle and knee to function in the best possible way so that injuries and pain can be a thing of the past. Orthotics allow people to stand, walk, and run more efficiently and comfortably because they alter the angles the foot strikes a surface. Foot pads and heel inserts can be purchased at local pharmacies and sporting good stores, but sometimes that will not be enough to relieve the problem. Individuals may need custom made and molded orthotics to treat conditions of the foot and ankle. Dr. Perlstein sometimes prescribes orthotic devices to correct an abnormal walk, or gait, and often for patients following surgery. Ultimately, the type recommended will depend on your symptoms, the cause of symptoms, and shape of your feet. Orthotics has proved successful in treating specific conditions of the feet.
Reasons for Orthotics
- They give alignment and support of a foot and ankle
- They can prevent, or correct foot deformities
- They help improve function of a foot and ankle
- Diminish the pain of arthritis of the foot.
Conditions Treated With Orthotics
- Plantar fascitis
- Diabetic foot conditions
- Limb length deformity
Types of Orthotics
Orthotic devices come in many shapes, sizes, and materials. They fall into three main categories: those designed to change foot function, are primarily protective in nature, and those that combine functional control and protection. Their main purpose is to improve foot function, and minimize stress forces, which could cause pain and deformity in the feet.
We use a computerized scanner to give us unsurpassed accuracy for the impression cast. Experts at the fabricating lab perform over 20 additional steps with the finest high tech. materials to give us the best orthotics. This cannot be gotten from a cheap lab. or from some over the counter arch supports.
Below are some common types orthotics made for individuals:
Rigid orthotics are a type of orthotic designed to control function. It’s made of a firm material like plastic or carbon fiber and used mainly for walking or dress shoes. This orthotic is molded to an individual foot, and extends along the sole of the heel to the ball or toes. Rigid orthotics help control the motion of two major foot joints, and do not change shape or break easily. Also, shoe size would not need to be changed because of the orthotic.
Soft orthotics are a type of orthotic designed to absorb shock, increase balance, and take pressure off uncomfortable or sore spots of the foot. This type of orthotic is made of soft materials, and molds from the foot while walking or other activities. The orthotic extends from the heel past the ball of the foot to include the toes. However, this orthotic
must be changed or replaced periodically. Soft orthotics are used a lot for people with arthritis, and diabetic feet. Extra room in shoes may be required for comfort.
Semi rigid Orthotics
Semi rigid Orthotics are a type of orthotic designed specifically for balance of the foot while walking or playing sports. Many times athletes will use this type of orthotic. It’s made of layers of soft materials, and reinforced with rigid materials. When a person wears this orthotic it helps the foot go through the proper functions to perform.
Orthotics for children can help with the treatment of foot deformities. It’s important for a child’s feet to be checked as soon as an issue arises. If there is a need for orthotics then they should be fitted for the child after they start walking. Having orthotics will help stabilize the child’s foot. This type of orthotic can be inserted into the child’s shoe, and will more than likely need to be replaced as the foot grows. As far as how long a child will need to wear an orthotic depends on the seriousness of the condition.
Sports and Orthotics
Athletes tend to cause injury to their feet due to the physical aspect of their activities. However, it’s important that athletes make an informed choice before choosing to wear orthotics. Shoe selection and the right fitting shoe is important, and ultimately, may take away the need for any orthotic wear. However, if you need to wear orthotics stay away from rigid or hard orthotics, as both may contribute to foot problems. As you begin to adjust, and break in your orthotics, it’s important to remember the following:
- Pick out shoes that are going to make wearing your orthotics comfortable.
- When you buy new shoes make sure to bring your orthotics with you. You don’t want to buy new shoes without trying the orthotics in the shoes, and walking around a bit.
- Follow-up with your podiatrist. It’s important that your orthotics are functioning the right way for you
At our office Dr. Perlstein can help you figure out if you need orthotics, and what type will work for your situation. Take time and call our office today, as we would love the chance to talk to you about your orthotic needs.
Dr. Michael Perlstein’s podiatry office is located at 4414 14th Avenue in Brooklyn, New York. He serves patients throughout the greater New York City area, including those residing in Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island, the Bronx, New Jersey, and Connecticut.
Dr. Perlstein’s office is open Monday through Friday as well as on Sunday.
Blog for Orthotics
- A Foot Scan Can Help Us Develop Custom-Fit Orthotics That Make Walking Less Painful And More Comfortable
Library for Orthotics:
- Children and Orthotics
Children’s Feet require special consideration for foot pain and treatment. Orthotics are specifically designed by Brooklyn Podiatrist, Michael Perlstein for your child’s foot.
- Foot Scanners For Custom-Fit Orthotics Help Fight Foot Pain
At Dr. Perlstein’s Brooklyn Podiatric office, patients suffering from foot pain can have custom-fit orthotics made from accurate scans of their feet.