Michael Perlstein
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Board Certified Brooklyn Podiatrist
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  • Learn about How Bunions Form And How They Can Be Effectively Treated

    A bunion is an abnormal, bony prominence that develops on the joint at the base of your big toe. As the big toe joint becomes enlarged, it forces the toe to crowd against your other toes, and the pressure exerted on your big toe joint results in inflammation and pain. Early treatment is necessary to decrease the risk of developing joint deformities.

    BunionsBunions develop due to prolonged abnormal pressure or motion on your big toe joint, most often caused by inherited structural defects, poor-fitting shoes, foot injuries, or congenital deformities. Women are generally more prone to bunions because of the shoe types typically worn, such as high-heels and narrow-toed shoes.

    Bunion pain can range from mild to severe, often making it difficult to wear shoes and perform normal activities. You should contact our Brooklyn office if you notice the following symptoms:

    • An enlarged, visible bulge on your big toe joint
    • Restricted movement of your big toe or foot that prevents you from performing normal activities
    • Irritation, corns or calluses caused by the overlap of the first and second toes
    • Frequent pain, swelling or redness around your big toe joint

    Treatment for a bunion will vary depending on its severity. Identifying the condition in its early stages is important to avoid surgery, with the main objective of early treatment being to relieve pressure and stop the progression of the deformity. Many times conservative treatments, such as padding, modified footwear or orthotic devices can be highly effective for preventing further growth and reducing the pressure and pain.

    Dr. Perlstein recommends the following for reducing pressure and pain caused by bunions:

    • Wear comfortable shoes that don’t cramp or irritate your toes and avoid high-heeled shoes
    • Apply ice to reduce inflammation and pain
    • Our podiatrists can show you how to apply padding to your foot to place it in its normal position and reduce stress on the bunion

    When early treatments fail or the persistent pain associated with your bunion is interfering with your daily activities, a surgical procedure may be recommended as a last resort to realign the toe joint and alleviate the pressure. Dr. Perlstein can advise you on the best treatment options available to relieve pressure on the bunion and slow the progression of the joint deformity.



    Dr. Michael Perlstein's podiatry office is located at 4414 14th Avenue in Brooklyn, New York. He serves patients throughout the greater New York City area, including those residing in Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island, the Bronx, New Jersey, and Connecticut.

    Dr. Perlstein's office is open Monday through Friday as well as on Sunday.

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